small WAN logo 05 March 2013
Issue 424
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New images of SHoP Architects' Domino Sugar Factory redevelopment in NY
The Domino Sugar Factory redevelopment project in New York has a long and tumultuous history. The original Domino Sugar Factory was constructed in 1856 and provided more than 50% of
the sugar used across the United States. After a raging fire in 1882, the building was reconstructed
in brick and stone as the historic landmark we see today on the banks of the East River. As the demand for sugar started to dwindle the plant was closed and a series of redevelopment options arose from eager investors. Plans for a mixed-use development have appalled a number of parties such as Neighbors Allied for Good Growth in Williamsburg who believe that the Domino Sugar Factory should be retained as a national landmark, and the Save Domino group which is looking to keep the original building going as a public art museum. There are also concerns about the introduction of low-income housing and the effects that this may have on real-estate values in the area and the negative impact of a thriving new development on local transportation. After shiny masterplans by Rafael Vinoly... Read more
Top stories this week
1 Asian Cairns, Shenzen, China
A masterplan featuring six sustainable 'farmscrapers' formed of pebble-like structures has been unveiled by French firm Vincent Callebaut Architects. Located in Shenzen, China, the Asian Cairns project showcases a distinctive urban system with each 'farmscraper' consisting of three interlacing eco-spirals of pebbles which weave their... Read more
2 RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
The world's first media façade featuring LUCEM light transmitting concrete panels has been unveiled in Aachen, Germany. Opened on 6 December 2012, the LUCEM Media Facade, situated at RWTH Aachen University contains the light transmitting concrete panels as designed by German concrete manufacturer LUCEM. As part of the... Read more
3 Beukenhof Auditorium and Crematorium, Schiedam, Netherlands
A musical performance space and cultural venue that is also a crematorium has been awarded a renowned prize at the 60th annual Progressive Architecture Awards at the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York. Designed by Asymptote Architecture, the 1,977 sq m facility in Schiedam, Netherlands takes inspiration... Read more
4 The ANIMA Project, Grottammare, Italy
Renowned architect Bernard Tschumi has been commissioned to carry out his first design project in Italy. The ANIMA project, which was unveiled on 20 February 2013, is a 30m-high cultural centre located in Grottammare, Italy and will span an area of approximately 7,000 sq m. Due to be completed in 2016 and commissioned by the Fondazione... Read more
5 European Spallation Source (ESS), Lund, Sweden
Henning Larsen Architects, COBE and SLA have won the international design competition for the European Spallation Source (ESS), in Lund, Sweden. ESS will become the world's largest and most advanced facility for neutron-based research. The team also includes the engineering comapnies Buro Happold, NNE Pharmaplan and Transsolar... Read more
Featured Practice of the Week: Marc Fornes & THEVERYMANY
Moving walls and Armadillos: How does Olson Kundig Architects use Revit?
Over the past months, WAN has undertaken a series of interviews with architects, designers, engineers and manufacturers around the world to discover how different industry professionals are utilising Autodesk software in the design of their building projects. This week, Michael Hammond spoke to Les Eerkes, principal at Olson Kundig Architects about the practice's use of Building Information Modelling (BIM).

Olson Kundig Architects have made a name for themselves through a series of breathtakingly beautiful and architecturally ambitious residential properties, including Shadowboxx and the WAN AWARD winning The Pierre, both in the San Juan Islands.

In this exclusive podcast interview, Eerkes explains the practice's relationship with Autodesk and the ways in which the technology has aided the prefabrication of parts on projects such as Carraig Ridge Passive House, a highly sustainable residential project which has been stalled due to funding, and the Charles Smith Wines Tasting Room and World Headquarters which was realised in 2011.

On both schemes the firm used Revit as the base platform for designing the buildings, although with Carraig Ridge IES was used as a plug-in in Revit to look at some performance modelling. For the Charles Smith Wines project, Revit was used to interface with Spearhead (the armadillo fabricator - see below for explanation), Turner Exhibits (the specialty window wall engineers and fabricators) and SCHUCHART Construction (the general contractor). Spearhead used non-Autodesk programme CADWORK to create a model which Olson Kundig was able to overlay onto their Revit model so that the design teams could analyse how the design was coming together.

Go To Meetings were used throughout with Revit models so that all collaborating parties could view the current design of the Charles Smith Wines scheme and engage in online discussions at any time from any location. Eerkes noted that recent technological developments such as the widespread use of tablets and Go To Meetings had made international collaborations much more efficient.

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Less is More:Should architects
adopt a 4 day week?
Big businesses take steps to
make Moscow a resilient capital
With Gambia recently announcing that their public sector workers will now work 4-day weeks and various firms speaking out in the international press about their experiences of a compressed working week, is this a model that architectural firms should be adopting? Despite the announcement by Gambia's president Yahya Jammeh that public
Russia has been inconsistent on the low-carbon agenda but big businesses are increasingly recognising the opportunities that sustainable innovation in Moscow will bring. When considering those regions that are showing real vision and leadership in the low-carbon revolution, Russia is probably not the first country to springs to mind.
sector workers will now have different working hours to allow for more time for praying, socialising and farming in the Muslim country, the concept behind a 4-day week is not a new one. Back in 2008, the governor of Utah in the USA, Jon Huntsman, announced plans for 18,000 of its public workers to work 40 hours over 4 days and to close 900 public buildings on Fridays. Professor Rex Facer, from Brigham Young University, an adviser on the initiative, investigated the impact of the scheme and found that... Read more Russian political leadership has a reputation for lack of commitment and changing policy on the sustainability agenda. Last month, Russia and other former Soviet Bloc countries confirmed that they will take action against a controversial Kyoto clause that would effectively force them to reduce emissions. The last elections have seen changes in leadership at the Russian Energy Agency and other ministries that have left the country somewhat directionless in terms of a low carbon roadmap... Read more
Energy plant topped with public ski
slope by BIG starts onsite in Copenhagen
Energy plants tend to get a bad reputation for being simple structural boxes of minimal architectural merit; functional rather than aesthetically beautiful. Bjarke Ingels Group (BIG) is looking to change this perception through their Amagerforbrændingen scheme on the outskirts of Copenhagen, which broke ground on 4 March 2013. The design team explains: "The ambition of creating added value in terms of added functionality does not stand in contrast to the ambition to create beauty. We propose a new breed of waste-to-energy
plant, one that is economically, environmentally, and socially profitable.

"Instead of considering Amagerforbrændingen as an isolated object, we mobilise the architecture and intensify the relationship between the building and the city - expanding the existing activities in the area by turning the roof of the new Amagerforbrændingen into a ski slope for the citizens of Copenhagen."

As alluded to in this quote, BIG will insert a public ski slope on the roof above the working waste-to-energy plant, transforming otherwise unused space into a social sporting venue. Visitors will reach the dizzying heights of Amagerforbrændingen ski roof via an external lift system which will rise past the plant's smokestack, ensuring that they are aware of the building's primal function.

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